Did you know that bad management is typically the root cause of low employee engagement?
If you’ve written off withdrawn workers after making organizational changes to improve engagement, you may need to revisit what’s happening at the local workgroup level, which, of course, is directed by your managers.
It may be time to admit, “It’s not you, it’s me,” to your disengaged employees if you find the following behaviors present among your managers.
Here are five ways your managers might be undermining employee engagement.
1. Erratic expectations
Good managers convey consistent expectations to their employees.
But sometimes a manager is lenient one day and tough the next. Or when an employee finishes a project, they change the scope and ask the employee to start over. It’s not just a matter of steadily raising the bar, but treating the same employee behaviors differently at various times.
For example, an employee may turn in the same report every month with little response from the manager. Then, one month, the manager critiques it closely without acknowledging the change in expectations.
Lacking predictable expectations, employees often become disengaged because they don’t know how to prioritize their efforts.
It’s human nature to enjoy working with some employees more than others. But similar to having erratic expectations, sometimes managers give a different response for the same behavior from different employees due to personality preferences.
For example, when two employees ask their manager what they know about a piece of company news at separate times, the manager shares more information with one than the other.
Whether it’s heavier praise or lighter critique, inconsistent responses can create an unfair environment — a real injury to employee engagement.
Employees may eventually shut down and lose interest in their job if your managers insist on controlling every detail of their work.
Supervisors who micromanage may be convinced that no one can do the job better than they can. They may feel overwhelmed by team performance expectations. This can make them feel insecure and cause them to place unnecessary pressure on their employees.
Micromanagement tells employees their work and judgments aren’t trustworthy. It prevents not only the employee from being fully engaged, but also the manager, who’s spending too much energy supervising and not enough developing employees so that your business has the people power it needs to continue to achieve its goals.
Some managers have the opposite problem. They’re too engrained in their own responsibilities and come off as aloof.
Your employees’ interaction with their direct manager is the No. 1 driver of engagement, according to a 2014 Aberdeen Group study.
Distracted managers often ignore their employees. As a result, employees end up working in silos, disconnected from their team and the rest of the company. They lose sight of how their day-to-day work is contributing to the company’s mission and goals. They may feel a lack of purpose and therefore lose motivation to put forth any extra effort.
If your employees seem disengaged and overworked, it could be because your managers are.
A Harvard Business Review (HBR) study of 19,000 employees found that leaders who work sustainably (with a focus on their four core needs: physical, emotional, mental and spiritual), have employees who are much more engaged and fulfilled than managers who don’t have work-life balance.
Even when over-worked managers encourage their employees to be balanced, their advice may not be taken seriously.
According to HBR, managers who don’t use vacation days, workplace perks or send weekend emails generally have employees who feel pressured to do the same.
This puts your managers and employees at risk of burnout.
How to fix it: Teach your managers how to coach employees
If you suspect your managers may be the cause of poor employee productivity or morale, you may need to consider offering more training and support. You may also want to tie their performance goals and rewards to their direct reports’ engagement levels.
But before you invest in training, ask for feedback from the manager’s direct reports that might explain why they’re not being more productive.
Sometimes it’s not what the manager believes the issue is — it’s something else entirely.
Also think about building on the management and engagement successes that already exist inside your organization.
- Who manages my most engaged employees?
- What are their management styles like?
- What makes people want to work hard for them?
- What is it about the employee/manager relationship that encourages engagement?
These answers can help identify what your best managers currently do to promote higher employee engagement. Then, you can look for ways to duplicate their good habits across your organization with the resources and frameworks you already have.
At the end of the day, your managers’ focus should be on how to help their employees do their jobs better, so that your business can run and grow as efficiently and effectively as possible.
Looking for more strategies to help resolve your employee engagement struggles? Download our free e-book, How to Develop a Top-notch Workforce That Will Accelerate Your Business.