The Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) defines a job hazards analysis as a “technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur.”
Conducting a job hazard analysis is fairly easy to conduct
Next, announce the plan to employees and solicit their input
OSHA suggests employers answer these questions when performing the analysis:
- What can go wrong?
- What are the consequences?
- How could it arise?
- What are other contributing factors?
- How likely is it that the hazard will occur?
Don’t just examine the work area, analyze the employee’s actions as they perform their job as hazards typically exist where several functions combine and become dangerous. It’s important to document your findings and note:
- Where it is happening (environment)
- Who or what it is happening to (exposure)
- What precipitates the hazard (trigger)
- The outcome that would occur should it happen(consequence)
- Any other contributing factors
OSHA offers a variety of industry-specific forms on their website to assist business owners as they conduct a job hazards analysis.
“Recently companies have been focused on getting out of the financial slump and aren’t paying attention to safety and security,” says Philip Farina, a board certified security expert and CEO of Farina and Associates Ltd.Ignoring safety and eliminating planning such as job hazards analyses may seem wise at the time but can destroy a small business, he warns.
“Any time you have an incident there is loss. It may be loss of life, loss of structure, loss of assets, brand, reputation, or even your business,” Farina says.